Christian Klintholminfo

APERTURE

(In Danish: Blænde) The hole inside the lens, which determines how much light is let into the camera body.

The lower the number, the bigger the hole - more light comes in. Values go from f 1.2 -> f. 22

If you want soft, shallow depth of field, then you need a low number (example f. 1.8).


A ROLL / B ROLL

In production, A-Roll refers to the main part of your video. In a music video, it would often be the musician singing, for instance.


B-Roll covers the footage used to fill in between the main part of your story/video/music video. Very important and highly underrated/appreciated. Every editor will love your B-roll for filling inbetween cuts.


BLOWN HIGHLIGHTS

When you over-expose an image and the whites becomes so white, that they loose all detail. Classic amateur move.


Stands for (digital) Single Lens Reflex. In Danish: Spejlrefleks. The cameras most of us use, they have mirrors inside of them - as opposed to mirror-less cameras (or rangefinders).

dSLR


aefaiefjief

FOCAL LENGTH


The number of frames in a second, how a sequence of images makes moving images. Humans need 24 fps (frames per second) to see a smooth image.

Most movies use 24 fps. In sports, gaming and daytime television, 60 fps is more often used. Go Pro cameras film default at 60fps.

FRAME RATE


Refers to the size of the sensor inside the camera. The bigger the sensor, the better the quality. Canon 5D mark II has a full frame sensor, while Panasonic is 4/3’ the size.

FULL FRAME


Refers to the lighting situation.

HIGH / LOW-KEY


IN CAMERA

When visual effects and tricks are done without editing software. Something Director Michel Gondry is well known for.


KEN BURNS

When you make a slow zooming pan in editing to make a still image seem more dynamic.


The different phases of content production. Pre is before, often the planning phase. Production is when you’re filming. Post is after, when you edit and colorgrade.

PRE + POST-PRODUCTION


SHUTTER SPEED

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